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NCJ Number: 200879 Find in a Library
Title: Family Structure and Adolescent Cigarette Smoking in Eleven European Countries
Journal: Addiction  Volume:98  Issue:6  Dated:June 2003  Pages:815-824
Author(s): Thoroddur Bjarnason; Aleksandra G. Davidaviciene; Patrick Miller; Alojz Nociar; Andreas Pavlakis; Eva Stergar
Date Published: June 2003
Page Count: 10
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This study examined patterns of adolescent smoking by family structure in a cross-national sample of 11 European countries.
Abstract: Three main research questions were addressed in this study: (1) were different types of family structures related equally to adolescent cigarette smoking; (2) were different family structures related equally to adolescent smoking in different countries; and (3) could differences in patterns of adolescent smoking be attributed to the prevalence of different types of family structures in each country. The authors examined the self-reported smoking patterns and demographic characteristics of 33,978 students in 11 European countries. Results of multi-level hierarchical regression analysis revealed that adolescents who resided with both parents smoked less than those living with single mothers, single fathers, and step-parents. The effects of living with single parents or step-parents were stronger in countries where this family structure was less common. Further analysis revealed that the difference in the strength of effects between countries was insignificant once the prevalence of each type of family structure was taken into account. The authors conclude that despite a wide range of economic, political, and cultural differences between countries, the one constant remains that children who reside with both their parents smoke less than their counterparts who live with single parents or step-parents. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Juveniles; Tobacco use
Index Term(s): Europe; Family structure; Parent-Child Relations
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