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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 200895 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Missing Link: Ballistics Technology That Helps Solve Crimes
Corporate Author: US Dept of the Treasury
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms
United States of America
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of the Treasury
Washington, DC 20226
Sale Source: US Dept of the Treasury
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms
650 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Room 8100
Washington, DC 20226
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Program Description (Model)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This document describes the National Integrated Ballistic Information Network (NIBIN).
Abstract: The NIBIN program includes the development and maintenance of a database of ballistic images from crime guns. The database contains images of casings or bullets recovered at crime scenes, as well as casings or bullets from test fires of recovered firearms. As new images are entered, the system searches the existing database and comparisons are made for possible matches. The purpose of these comparisons is to link ballistic evidence from crime scenes, linking one crime scene to another. When the system discovers a likely match, firearms examiners repeat the comparison with the actual evidence to confirm the match. This program draws upon a variety of resources with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) and crosses traditional boundaries between Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies’ areas of responsibility. The program’s success depends on the cooperation on which it is based. NIBIN partner agencies must continue to enter firearm evidence into the computerized database in the form of test fires and recovered bullets and cartridge casings. As the database grows, the potential increases for identifications to be made, links to crime guns revealed, and links investigative leads created. The program is an investigative tool that discovers links invisible to other investigative methods. The NIBIN system depends entirely on the thorough investigation of the intelligence information generated during good police work. The goals for expansion and strengthening of the NIBIN program include creating an internal working group to determine methods for increasing NIBIN intelligence information capabilities over the short and long term; and expanding the number of partners that participate in the program.
Main Term(s): Ballistics; Firearm tracing
Index Term(s): Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATFE or ATF); Evidence collection; Evidence identification; Firearms; Firearms identification; Weapons identification
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