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NCJ Number: 200934 Find in a Library
Title: Bruises (From Child Abuse and Neglect: Guidelines for Identification, Assessment, and Case Management, P 23-33, 2003, Marilyn Strachan Peterson and Michael Durfee, eds. -- See NCJ-200932)
Author(s): James Williams M.D.
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Volcano Press, Inc
Volcano, CA 95689
Sale Source: Volcano Press, Inc
P.O. Box 270
Volcano, CA 95689
United States of America
Publisher: http://www.volcanopress.com 
Type: Instructional Material
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter explains medical procedures for examining bruises on child patients to determine whether abuse may have occurred.
Abstract: The chapter lists questions and issues the medical practitioner should consider when taking a history of bruises observed on a child's body. Risk factors for abuse include an explanation for the bruise that is incompatible with the type or severity of the injury, contradictory or significant changes in the history on retelling, and multiple injuries of different ages that contradict the chronology and number of episodes recounted by the caretaker. In the context of the physical examination, the chapter advises the bruises should be carefully described, measured, located on body diagrams, and photographed when possible. An estimated age of the injuries should be made. Further, a developmental assessment of the injury and its history should be conducted. This involves assessing the child's capabilities for rolling over, sitting up, arm extension, crawling, walking, and running in relation to the opportunities for accidental injury. Another area of concern in the medical evaluation of bruises is the mechanisms of injury. The postulated mechanism of injury is critical to determining its cause and validation of the history. Considerations should include the direction and velocity of the object, whether the injury is penetrating, and damage to underlying tissues. One section of the chapter focuses on issues associated with the estimation of the age of bruises. A section on differential diagnosis addresses coagulation disorder; self-inflicted, accidental, and infectious disease; folk medical customs; and other skin conditions. A case vignette and its resolution are presented. 10 photographs, 9 tables, 24 references, and 4 suggestions for further reading
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Blunt force trauma injuries; Child abuse; Child abuse detection; Child abuse investigations; Diagnostic and reception processing; Injury investigations; Physician child abuse neglect role; Physicians role in crime prevention
Note: The photographs in this chapter can be viewed online at the publisher's Web site.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=200934

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