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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 201012 Find in a Library
Title: Critical Review of Street Lighting, Crime and Fear of Crime in the British City
Journal: Crime Prevention and Community Safety: An International Journal  Volume:5  Issue:2  Dated:2003  Pages:7-24
Author(s): P. M. Cozens; R. H. Neale; J. Whitaker; D. Hillier; M. Graham
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 18
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This article examines the relationship between street lighting and crime in the United Kingdom.
Abstract: Researchers contend that half of all recorded crimes occur after dark, with fear of crime experienced disproportionately after dark. This article presents a brief review of literature concerning the relationship between crime prevention and improved street lighting. Following a discussion of various theories focusing on the reasons why improved lighting may reduce crime, the article suggests that the installation of lighting increases daytime surveillance of streets during the times that such lighting is installed and maintained. Furthermore, new lighting signals the interest of the community and the police to control crime and may encourage citizens to report criminal behaviors. Improved lighting might also facilitate crime, however, by reducing the visibility in adjacent areas and by increasing social activity outside the home in the evenings. Noting that there are problems associated with using both recorded crime statistics and street lighting standards (BS 5489) in order to assess the relationship between street lights and crime, the article presents a series of tables describing lighting requirements in subsidiary roads, associated pedestrian areas, and for general traffic situations. Potential crime reduction efforts of improving street lighting can be enhanced by conducting research contributing to an understanding of how users perceive after-dark environments. Notes, references
Main Term(s): Crime prevention measures; Lighting
Index Term(s): Crime prediction; Crime prevention planning; Fear of crime; Foreign crime prevention; United Kingdom (UK)
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