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NCJ Number: 201054 Find in a Library
Title: Building Public Confidence in Anti-Corruption Efforts: The Approach of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China
Journal: Forum On Crime and Society  Volume:2  Issue:1  Dated:December 2002  Pages:135-146
Author(s): Alan Lai
Date Published: December 2002
Page Count: 12
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Austria
Annotation: This article discusses how the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) or China has successfully combated historical corruption within its government.
Abstract: While the Hong Kong SAR is now well-known within the international community for effectively combating corruption, this region experienced deeply rooted corruption during the 1960’s and 1970’s. The author traces how the Hong Kong SAR effectively eliminated itself of this secretive and destructive crime. In 1974, the Independent Commission Against Corruption was established as the key agency in the battle against corruption. The Commission embarked on a three-pronged approach to the fight against corruption: investigation, prevention, and community education. The author notes that gaining public support was one of the strong points of the Commission, and one of the main reasons it was able to effectively combat deep-rooted corruption. The Commission also succeeded because it understood the importance of a holistic approach to the problem and was able to gain not only public support, but also much needed government support. The Commission was provided with the legal powers and the resources that were necessary to carry out the job, and the continuing support of the government keeps the Hong Kong SAR one of the most corruption-free countries in the world.
Main Term(s): Political crimes
Index Term(s): Corruption of public officials; Government reactions to crime; Hong Kong; Media coverage; Media-crime relationships
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