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NCJ Number: 201058 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Country Brief: Guatemala, April 2003
Corporate Author: Drug Enforcement Admin
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Date Published: April 2003
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: Drug Enforcement Admin
Springfield, VA 22152
Sale Source: Drug Enforcement Admin
US Dept of Justice
8701 Morrissette Drive
Springfield, VA 22152
United States of America
Type: Instructional Material; Issue Overview
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Following a brief review of Guatemala's political history, this report presents an overview of Guatemala's drug situation and discusses the cultivation and eradication of drug-source plants; chemicals and processing; drug transshipment; drug abuse; corruption; money laundering; prices; counterdrug operations; and legislation, treaties, and conventions.
Abstract: Guatemala's location between Mexico and the other Central American countries makes it an appealing and convenient transit country for drug trafficking organizations moving South American cocaine and heroin to Mexico, the United States, and, to a lesser extent, Europe. Recently obtained intelligence suggests opium poppy cultivation is increasing, primarily in the San Marco and Sacatepequez Departments. Cannabis continues to be cultivated in the northern jungle areas of the country, but there is no known coca cultivation. Drug trafficking organizations transship precursors and controlled chemicals used in processing methamphetamine and MDMA through Guatemala into Mexico. The Government of Guatemala recognizes that escalating drug abuse among its citizens is a serious problem that could undermine Guatemalan society. It supports an active demand-reduction program. Rampant corruption permeates all levels of law enforcement, the judiciary, military, and other government agencies. Guatemala is considered to be an offshore financial center, and the country's larger banks conduct considerable business through their offshore subsidiaries. Modern comprehensive money laundering legislation was enacted in November 2001, followed by implementing regulations passed early in 2002. The U.S. State Department decertified the Government of Guatemala in January 2003 due to pervasive corruption and the apparent lack of action to correct many internal deficiencies. Projections for the future include the continuation of Guatemala as an important drug-smuggling transshipment point between South America and the United States, an increase in opium poppy cultivation in the remote highlands due to limited aerial reconnaissance and sporadic eradication, and a continuing increase in domestic cocaine abuse.
Main Term(s): Drug smuggling
Index Term(s): Corruption of public officials; Crime in foreign countries; Drug abuse; Drug abuse in foreign countries; Drug eradication programs; Foreign drug law enforcement; Guatemala; Money laundering
Note: Downloaded June 26, 2003.
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