skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 201165 Find in a Library
Title: New Technology for First Responders
Journal: Law and Order  Volume:51  Issue:6  Dated:June 2003  Pages:128-130
Author(s): Bill Siuru
Date Published: June 2003
Page Count: 3
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article describes three software packages that enable first responders to a crisis incident to obtain information about the layout of the site of the incident and deploy personnel and equipment accordingly.
Abstract: Inspired by the tragedy at Columbine High School, Steven Larsen developed Tactical Survey software, now offered by his Tactical Survey Group, Inc. The core of Tactical Survey is a new interactive technology called fully spherical immersive imagery that lets users look up, down, right, and left virtually seamlessly in 360 degrees. Embedded in the imagery are tactical intelligence, polar navigational aids, field-verified ground and aerial interactive maps, ingress vector video, and a complete tactical database of site/location specific data. Although initially developed for school incidents, many new applications have been found for the software, including terrorism incidents, fires, earthquakes, and hostage situations, as well as hazardous materials incidents. Another software package, whose development began 2 years before Columbine, is called SEMPS; it features a database that provides a virtual tour of an entire facility, and it can be easily accessed on a PC, Pocket PC, or mobile computer. The software contains comprehensive, interactive, hyperlinked information that includes emergency contacts, main utility shut-off locations, security system and fire system device locations, building floor plans, maps, 360-degree video images, related community information, and aerial photographs. The third software package profiled in this article is called the CIRA database, which includes information that ranges in scale from an entire metropolitan area down to high resolution images with sufficient detail to show locations of and relation between, for example, a pencil sharpener, waste can, and individual locker in a particular room in a specific school. Aerial and satellite photos that cover the school locations are positioned within a Geocanvas to provide a nested aerial view of the immediate neighborhood around a specific school, including roads and structure.
Main Term(s): Domestic Preparedness
Index Term(s): Computer software; Counter-terrorism tactics; Crisis management; Emergency procedures; Police crisis intervention; Police emergency planning; Police emergency procedures; School security
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.