skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 201196 Find in a Library
Title: Multi-problem Violent Youth: A Challenge for the Restorative Justice Paradigm (From Restorative Justice in Context: International Practice and Directions, P 1-22, 2003, Elmar G. M. Weitekamp and Hans-Jurgen Kerner, eds. -- See NCJ-201195)
Author(s): Raymond R. Corrado; Irwin M. Cohen; Candice Odgers
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: Willan Publishing
Portland, OR 97213-3644
Sale Source: Willan Publishing
c/o ISBS, 5804 N.E. Hassalo Street
Portland, OR 97213-3644
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter illustrates some of the challenges facing the implementation of restorative justice interventions for serious and violent offenders.
Abstract: Restorative justice first gained popularity due to a general feeling that traditional, retributive systems of justice were failing victims, offenders, and the community. Since its introduction in the 1970's, there has been a growing debate concerning the role of restorative justice in addressing, deterring, and responding to young offenders. It is frequently only first-time offenders, or those that commit minor offenses, that are considered good candidates for most restorative justice interventions. There are a wide range of serious offenses and types of offenders for which restorative justice programs are not an option. It is unlikely for restorative justice to completely replace traditional retributive youth-justice systems in cases of serious and violent young offenders. Restorative justice aims to bring together the victim and the offender for the purposes of allowing both sides to understand the context of the offense, the impact on both parties, and to establish some form of agreed-upon reparation to the victim by the offender. Research that investigates the success of offender-victim mediation with serious or violent offenders suffers from two basic limitations. First, these studies have very small sample sizes. Second, the mediations are always held after the offender has served a significant period of time incarcerated. This indicates that there still exist obstacles for those that wish to see restorative justice replace existing criminal justice methods for dealing with serious and violent offenders. In regard to financial restitution, it is difficult to see how offenders might financially compensate victims for personal offenses, such as murder or sexual assault. In conjunction with a period of incarceration, restorative justice programs for serious and violent offenders might serve to enhance the public’s concerns over safety, rehabilitation, deterrence, and reintegration. There seem to be few compelling arguments for excluding serious and violent young offenders from the potential benefits of the restorative-justice paradigm, especially when the program occurs during or after a period of incarceration. 6 tables, 5 notes, 31 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile restitution; Violent juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Intermediate sanctions; Public Opinion of Juveniles; Restitution; Ungovernable juveniles; Victims of juvenile crime; Violent offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.