skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 201214 Find in a Library
Title: Commitment and Satisfaction of Lower-ranked Police Officers: Lessons for Management
Journal: Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management  Volume:26  Issue:1  Dated:2003  Pages:43-63
Author(s): Yvonne Brunetto; Rod Farr-Wharton
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 21
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article discusses findings about what factors affect the job commitment and satisfaction of lower-ranked Australian police officers.
Abstract: The impact of recent reform on lower-ranked police officers’ level of organizational commitment and satisfaction with communication processes was examined. In this study, lower-ranked police officers were identified as those that held the ranks of constable, senior constable, and/or sergeant. These ranks are primarily responsible for undertaking “hands-on” policing tasks and have usually been in the service for fewer than 8 years. Some of the research questions include: (1) whether the level of management affects job commitment; (2) whether certain variables like communication frequency and mode affect the satisfaction with supervisor communication; and (3) whether certain variables affect job commitment. A review of the literature suggests that police officers will feel most committed when they are involved in decisionmaking, feel supported by superiors, and receive adequate levels of feedback about their job tasks, performance, and expectations. Two validated instruments, Metcalfe and Dick’s (2000) instrument for measuring police commitment, and Johlke and Duhan’s (2000) instrument for measuring the employees’ satisfaction with communication processes between supervisors and service employees, were used in the study. The instruments were chosen based on a review of the literature and the issues raised by a focus group of police officers. Questionnaires were administered to constables, senior constables, and sergeants within police stations located within one region of an Australian State Police Service. The results suggest a relatively high level of pride in the police service, with reasonable levels of identification with the police service’s goals and increased involvement with rank (from constable to sergeant). Overall commitment decreases significantly with an increase in rank from constable to sergeant. An implication is that the level of commitment demonstrated by constables suggests that the sergeant/senior sergeants do prove effective in their roles. But there is increasing dissatisfaction with appraisal/promotional procedures and information communication modes as rank increases. 1 figure, 11 tables, 50 references
Main Term(s): Police research; Police work attitudes
Index Term(s): Australia; Police attitudes; Police careers; Police department surveys; Police organizational structure; Work attitudes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.