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NCJ Number: 201233 Find in a Library
Title: Corporate Crime and the Religious Sensibility
Journal: Punishment & Society  Volume:5  Issue:3  Dated:July 2003  Pages:313-325
Author(s): Joseph Vining
Editor(s): Richard Sparks
Date Published: July 2003
Page Count: 13
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This article examines and analyzes corporate criminality and the evidence of contemporary influence of religious thought on legal thought in the realm of punishment and deterrence evidenced in the basic connection between corporate crime and religious sensibility.
Abstract: Today, the prosecution of corporation (corporate crime) for offenses, such as homicide and statutory offenses is well-established in the United States. Corporate criminality tends to focus on calculated indifference to value in itself. These corporate entities are not categorized as organizations, but as persons. However, what is being said of a corporation is that it is nothing more than an organization. Therefore, corporate criminality poses a challenge to one’s sense of reality. Punishing a supra-individual entity raises the question about the reality of the supra-individual entity. It is argued that convicting corporations of true crimes diminishes the moral authority of the criminal law because it is being used without belief. This is where ontology comes into play, the sense of the nature of the beings around us. Corporations are just linguistic entities, networks of contracts, and organized activities of individuals. It is hoped that the fear of the label criminal will have a practical effect in the outcomes of design systems. The ontology of a responsible person here, irreducible to human individuals or to a system, may connect this area of criminal law to religious thought in a special way. A broad acceptance of religious sensibility may be possible by the extent of religious practice in the United States, and be evidence of contemporary influence of religious thought on legal thought. References
Main Term(s): Punishment
Index Term(s): Corporate crimes; Corporate criminal liability; Criminology; Deterrence; Penology; Religion; White collar crime
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