skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 201240 Find in a Library
Title: Disproportionate Minority Confinement: 2002 Update
Author(s): Heidi M. Hsia Ph.D.; George S. Bridges Ph.D.; Rosalie McHale
Date Published: September 2004
Page Count: 42
Sponsoring Agency: Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: OJP-2000-298-BF/01
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Report (Annual/Periodic)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This summary report provides an overview of recent disproportionate minority confinement (DMC)-related developments within the United States juvenile justice system with a brief overview of the data, an outline compliance and assessment.
Abstract: Although minority youth account for about one-third of the United States juvenile population, they comprise two-thirds of the juvenile detention/corrections population. For both these youthful offenders and society, the problem with disproportionate minority confinement (DMC) has far-reaching consequences. The present levels of minority overrepresentation within the juvenile justice system indicate that efforts to reduce DMC must identify and address all contributing factors. This summary report outlines the efforts that have been made at the national level during the past 5 years to address DMC; it provides an update on DMC efforts at the State level, including a summary of the status of State compliance with the DMC core protection requirements; and it describes Washington State’s efforts to reduce DMC over the past 10 years as an example of a comprehensive systems change approach to the problem. The report concludes with a look at the modifications to the DMC requirement contained in the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) Act of 2002 and OJJDP’s action steps in support of continuing efforts to reduce DMC. Effectively addressing DMC will require long-term coordinated efforts at the Federal, State, and local levels. In summation, DMC is the result of a large number of complex decisions and events. Tables and references
Main Term(s): Juvenile Corrections/Detention
Index Term(s): Ethnic groups; Juvenile correctional reform; Juvenile detention; Juvenile detention reform; Minority overrepresentation; Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP); Race-punishment relationship; Racial discrimination
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.