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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 201284 Find in a Library
Title: Smoking Behaviour in Year 8 Pupils: Baseline Characteristics of the UK ESFA Longitudinal Study
Journal: International Journal of Health Promotion and Education  Volume:41  Issue:1  Dated:2003  Pages:4-13
Author(s): Elizabeth Nahit; Anne Fielder; Anne Charlton; Andrew Povey; Aart Mudde
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 10
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This study -- part of the European Smoking Prevention Framework Approach (ESFA) project, in which 6 European Union Member States participated -- involved a survey of 6,626 eighth-grade students (49.3 percent male, ages 12-13) in 42 schools regarding their current tobacco smoking.
Abstract: Children completed the questionnaire during September 1998. Overall, 5.4 percent of the children reported that they were regular smokers. Girls were more likely to smoke regularly than boys. Fourteen percent of regular smokers had tried smoking before the age of 8, and 40 percent were under the age of 10 when they first tried smoking. Among the regular smokers, 14 percent of boys had ever tried to quit or cut down compared with 7 percent of girls. Variables found to be independently associated with current smoking behavior were beliefs about smoking, social norms, social modeling, perceived behavior of others, pressure from others, and leisure activities. Findings suggest that smoking prevention and cessation activities should target not only the individual child but also the wider community, including the family. Intervention suggestions include changing the beliefs of children about smoking, including the myth that a large proportion of youth smoke; reducing smoking by siblings and family members; banning advertisements and promotional activities related to cigarettes; and the posting of antismoking public health information in public places frequently visited by youth. 8 tables and 38 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Foreign criminal justice research; Longitudinal studies; Tobacco use
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