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NCJ Number: 201304 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Banking Low-Risk Offenders: Is It a Good Investment?
Author(s): Kelly Dedel Johnson Ph.D.; Jim Austin Ph.D.; Garth Davies M.A.
Corporate Author: Institute on Crime, Justice and Corrections
United States of America
Date Published: June 2002
Page Count: 85
Sponsoring Agency: Institute on Crime, Justice and Corrections
Washington, DC 20006
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 2000-IJ-CX-0029
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Institute on Crime, Justice and Corrections
George Washington University
1819 H Street, N.W. Suite 700
Washington, DC 20006
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the effectiveness of the redesign of the Multnomah County’s adult community supervision program, which began using a system of graduated supervision based on risk assessment in 1997.
Abstract: In an effort to increase public safety without increasing expenditures, Multnomah County (Oregon) redesigned their adult community supervision program, implementing differing levels of supervision based on offender risk level. The Oregon Case Management System includes an Initial Risk Assessment Instrument and a Risk Assessment Instrument that are used to classify those under community supervision as either a high-, medium-, or low-risk level. Corresponding levels of supervision are then employed, thus managing parolees more effectively by directing the bulk of resources toward the medium- and high-risk offenders. This study employed a quasi-experimental design using non-randomized comparison groups to determine the effectiveness of the redesign. The groups consisted of adult offenders admitted to community supervision during 1995, 1998, and 2000. The 1995 cohort experienced the traditional type of community supervision, while the 1998 and 2000 cohorts received the new version of graduated supervision levels based on risk level. Comparisons involving multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that overall the redesign accomplished its objective of assigning offenders to differing levels of supervision, thereby reallocating Department resources toward the medium- and high-risk offenders. However, the objective risk assessment system, described as the backbone of the redesign, was discovered to contain serious flaws. The override rates were found to be much higher than the acceptable standard, with most overrides serving to bump the offender into a lower risk category. As such, the supervision level and assessment of risk are based on subjective rather than objective measures. Recommendations include an evaluation of the risk assessment system to determine the reason for the high rate of overrides. Future research should focus on how the type and intensity of supervision impacts offender behavior. Appendix
Main Term(s): Parole supervision; Program evaluation
Index Term(s): Corrections effectiveness; Offender supervision; Parole effectiveness
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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