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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 201401 Find in a Library
Title: Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime, Concerning the Criminalisation of Acts of a Racist and Xenophobic Nature Committed Through Computer Systems
Corporate Author: Council of Europe
Date Published: March 2003
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Council of Europe
F-67075 Strasbourg, France
Council of Europe Publications
F-67075 Strasbourg Cedex, France
Publication Number: ISBN 92-871-5149-0
Sale Source: Council of Europe Publications
F-67075 Strasbourg Cedex,
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English; French
Country: France
Annotation: This text of the Protocol that supplements the European Union's Convention on Cybercrime focuses on member states' criminalization of acts of a racist and xenophobic (fear and hate toward foreigners) nature committed through computer systems.
Abstract: The Protocol defines "racist and xenophobic material" as any written material, any image, or any other representation of ideas or theories that advocates, promotes, or incites hatred, discrimination, or violence against any individual or group of individuals, based on race color, descent, or national or ethnic origin, as well as religion if used as a pretext for any of these factors. Regarding the dissemination of racist and xenophobic material through computer systems, the Protocol mandates that each party adopt such legislative and other measures as may be necessary to establish as criminal offenses under its domestic law, when committed intentionally and without right, specified conduct. The conduct specified includes distributing, or otherwise making available, racist and xenophobic material to the public through a computer system; threatening, through a computer system, to commit a serious criminal offense, as defined under domestic law, against persons because of their race or ethnic origin; insulting persons publicly, through a computer system, because of their race or ethnic origin; and distributing, through a computer system to the public, material which denies, grossly minimizes, approves, or justifies acts of genocide or crimes against humanity as defined by international law. Other provisions of the Protocol pertain to procedures involved in its implementation.
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Computer related crime; Council of Europe; Hate Crimes; International agreements; International law; Racial discrimination
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