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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 201420 Find in a Library
Title: Reducing the Biological Threat: New Thinking, New Approaches
Author(s): Michael Moodie
Corporate Author: Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute (CBACI)
United States of America
Date Published: January 2003
Page Count: 59
Sponsoring Agency: Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute (CBACI)
Washington, DC 20009
Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA)
Contract Number: DTRA-01-01-P-0079
Sale Source: Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute (CBACI)
1747 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
7th Floor
Washington, DC 20009
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After first considering the current strategic and political environment that drives the need for new approaches to security against biological weapons, this report recommends actions to reduce the threat of biological weapons.
Abstract: An overview of the current strategic and political environment considers the evolving threat with the convergence of terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, rapid advances in science and biotechnology in recent years, the challenge of infectious diseases, and the political dynamics between the United States and other countries. In discussing "new thinking and new measures" for addressing the threat of biological weapons, the report states that the first goal must be to shape the way people think about biological weapons, so their use in the service of whatever cause will never resonate positively, such that their mere existence is delegitimized. A comprehensive strategic response to the challenge of biological weapons involves deterrence, prevention, defense, and consequence management. What is missing in the many activities underway in each of these areas is a strategic framework for giving them coherence. The measures discussed in this report, therefore, focus on activities that promote the new conceptual and policy environment that is required to provide the foundation on which such activities can be developed, sustained, and integrated. Recommendations in the area of building an intellectual infrastructure to create better analytical tools focus on threat assessments, risk assessments, scientific assessments, impact assessments, and ethical awareness. New partnerships is another focus of a coordinated, comprehensive approach to the challenge of biological weapons. New partnerships must include the active participation and leadership of the scientific community as well as the involvement of the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industry. Further, international cooperation and assistance will be required to strengthen export controls, global epidemiological surveillance, and an effective response to noncompliance.
Main Term(s): Domestic Preparedness
Index Term(s): Biological weapons; Communicable diseases; Counter-terrorism tactics; Interagency cooperation; Political influences; Private sector civic involvement; Private sector-government cooperation; Science and Technology; Technology transfer; Terrorist tactics; Terrorist weapons
Note: Downloaded July 31, 2003.
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