skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 201421 Find in a Library
Title: Biological Terrorism in the United States: Threat, Preparedness, and Response, Final Report
Corporate Author: Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute (CBACI)
United States of America
Project Director: MIchael Moodie
Date Published: November 2000
Page Count: 339
Sponsoring Agency: Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute (CBACI)
Washington, DC 20009
Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA)
Contract Number: 200-1999-00132
Sale Source: Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute (CBACI)
1747 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
7th Floor
Washington, DC 20009
United States of America
Type: Report (Technical Assistance)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report examines the challenge of biological terrorism and the public health and medical response to it in the United States.
Abstract: The section on the challenge of biological terrorism focuses on the importance of an effective threat assessment. The key components of the proposed threat assessment involve an examination of "who" (the actor), the "what" (the agent), the "where" (the target), and the "how" (the mode of attack). These key components are integrated into a "matrix-pathways" approach to develop a representation of the complex nature of the bioterrorism threat. The application of the "pathways" methodology yielded several important findings that should inform efforts to develop an effective health and medical dimension to the Nation's overall capabilities to respond to bioterrorism. The section on the public health and medical responses to bioterrorism focuses on the major functions of the public health and medical response system; namely, surveillance, epidemiology, laboratory capability, medical management, training and education, and information and communication. The discussion of each of these functions identifies the requirements that must be met if the function is to be performed effectively. Further, the key issues associated with each component are discussed, and recommendations are provided. The report also discusses another aspect of public health and medical response to bioterrorism; i.e., the organizing and coordinating of national efforts among responsible entities at the Federal, State, and local levels to prepare and execute the public health and medical system in the event of a bioterrorism attack. The main issues discussed are the nature and success of preparedness efforts of Federal, State, and local entities; the need to develop a strong partnership between the private and public sectors; and the structure and organization of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's bioterrorism preparedness and response program. Based on the material covered in the main sections of this report, it concludes with general findings and recommendations for the development of a comprehensive, multifaceted, coordinated nationwide preparation for a response to a bioterrorism attack. Appended 800-item bibliography and information on site visits and interviews
Main Term(s): Domestic Preparedness
Index Term(s): Biological weapons; Centers for Disease Control (CDC); Communicable diseases; Counter-terrorism tactics; Counter-terrorism training; Interagency cooperation; Intergovernmental relations; Medical and dental services; Organization development; Private sector civic involvement; Private sector-government cooperation; Terrorist tactics; Terrorist weapons; Victim medical assistance; Victims of terrorism
Note: Downloaded January 31, 2003.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.