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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 201423 Find in a Library
Title: Public Health and Medical Response (From Bioterrorism in the United States: Threat, Preparedness, and Response, P 27-150, 2000, Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute, -- See NCJ-201421)
Corporate Author: Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute (CBACI)
United States of America
Project Director: Michael Moodie
Date Published: November 2000
Page Count: 124
Sponsoring Agency: Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute (CBACI)
Washington, DC 20009
Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA)
Contract Number: 200-1999-00132
Sale Source: Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute (CBACI)
1747 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
7th Floor
Washington, DC 20009
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview; Report (Technical Assistance)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper assesses the public health and medical response to bioterrorism in the United States in the context of the threat posed.
Abstract: The paper provides an overview of the major functions of the public health and medical response system. These are surveillance (monitoring the health status of the relevant population); epidemiology (an assessment tool used to interpret the raw data obtained through various surveillance sources); laboratory requirements (working closely with epidemiologists to determine the nature of a disease outbreak, whether natural or deliberate); medical management (providing potential victims with the medicines necessary to prevent the onset of symptoms or the vaccine needed to prevent the spread of the disease through the population); training and education (effective warning networks and expertise of medical personnel); and information and communication (providing the right people with the right information at the right time). In discussing each of these functions in the public health and medical response to bioterrorism in the United States, the paper specifies the requirements that must be met for each of these functions to be performed effectively in responding to a bioterrorism threat. Further, it assesses the current situation in the United States regarding compliance with these requirements. Key issues associated with each component are also discussed, and recommendations are offered for implementing each component.
Main Term(s): Domestic Preparedness
Index Term(s): Biological weapons; Communications; Emergency communications; Emergency procedures; Information dissemination; Information processing; Medical and dental services; Medical research; Public Health Service; Terrorist tactics; Terrorist weapons; Victim medical assistance
Note: Downloaded July 31, 2003.
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