skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 201466 Find in a Library
Title: Retraumatization Among Adult Women Sexually Abused in Childhood: Exploratory Analysis in a Prospective Study
Journal: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse  Volume:11  Issue:3  Dated:2002  Pages:19-48
Author(s): Victoria L. Banyard; Linda M. Williams; Jane A. Siegel
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 30
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study explored risk factors associated with the re-traumatization of adult women survivors of child sexual abuse.
Abstract: The authors sought to discover why some adult female survivors of child sexual abuse experience further traumatic events across the lifecycle while others do not. Previous research has found a consistent and positive association between child sexual abuse and sexual assault in adulthood. There is also consistent evidence that repeat trauma has negative consequences for adult mental health. The current study examined 80 women who were participants in a longitudinal study about the effects of child sexual abuse. Three interviews were conducted with each participant; one occurred during the participants’ childhood while the two others occurred in early adulthood. Risk factors for re-traumatization were taken during interview two and were used to predict traumatic events reported at interview three. Risk factors included intrapersonal factors, such as depression and anxiety, and environmental factors and resources, such as homelessness and social support networks. In taking into account theoretical arguments for differences in risk factors based on ecological conditions, the authors analyzed married and unmarried women separately. The results revealed that homelessness and depression were positively associated with re-traumatization, while social support satisfaction was found to be a protective factor against repeated traumatic events. The finding regarding the importance of social support networks as a protective factor has implications for professionals working with survivors of child sexual abuse. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse; Mental health
Index Term(s): Sexual assault trauma; Victimization risk
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.