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NCJ Number: 201575 Find in a Library
Title: Exploring the Temporal Validity of Self-Reported Marijuana Use Among Juvenile Arrestees
Journal: Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education  Volume:46  Issue:3  Dated:Spring 2001  Pages:34-42
Author(s): George S. Yachoubian Jr., Ph.D.
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 9
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study compared the results of urinalysis testing for marijuana with self-reported 30-days marijuana use among 33,313 juvenile arrestees who participated in the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) Program between 1991 and 1997.
Abstract: Data analysis was done in two phases for each of the years. First, descriptive statistics were calculated. Second, kappa statistics were computed to explore the relationship between marijuana urinalysis results and self-reported 30-day marijuana use for each of the 12 sites involved in the study. The majority of the juvenile arrestees surveyed and tested each year were male and between the ages of 15 and 17. The study found that the strength of the agreement between the objective and self-reported marijuana-use measures varied by jurisdiction. The sites in Washington, DC, and San Diego, CA, had the strongest levels of agreement; and St. Louis and Portland had the lowest agreement between the two measures. The relationship between the two drug-use measures was consistent across jurisdictions over the 7-year period. This consistency may be used to argue that urinalysis testing, a costly enterprise, may be unnecessary. This study advises, however, that although urinalysis does not have to be conducted for all respondents in a given time period, it should not be eliminated entirely. This article suggests how such a system of testing might work. 2 tables and 17 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Cost effectiveness analysis; Drug testing; Marijuana; Self reported crimes; Urinalysis
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