skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 201579 Find in a Library
Title: Exploring Culturally-Based Drug Resistance Strategies Used by American Indian Adolescents of the Southwest
Journal: Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education  Volume:7  Issue:1  Dated:Fall 2001  Pages:45-59
Author(s): Scott K. Okamoto; Donna E. Hurdle; Flavio F. Marsiglia
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 15
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This qualitative research study that involved a group of 19 American Indian students (10 males and 9 females) in a semi-urban middle school in the Southwest examined the strategies they most often used to avoid offers of alcohol and other drugs.
Abstract: The objective of the research was to obtain specific information about such strategies so that effective strategies could be incorporated into culturally-based drug prevention programs. The tribal affiliation of the youth involved in this study was Pima, which is more urbanized than many of the other tribes in the Southwest. Most of these students were bused to the school from a nearby Indian reservation. The study used a focus group methodology guided by a semi-structured interview schedule composed of questions related to delinquency and substance use. The respondents identified three primary drug and alcohol resistance strategies that they used on the reservation, in the surrounding community, and in the school setting. These strategies were to redirect the discussion away from the topic of drugs or alcohol, to avoid or leave the situation, and to say "no" to offers. Respondents provided detailed examples of their use of each of these strategies. Despite high-risk family and community environments, most of the youth in this study apparently refrained from drug use. The majority of the strategies they used reflect nonconfrontational communication patterns consistent with Native American social norms. The study advises that culturally-based substance abuse prevention programs based on strategies identified and used by American Indian adolescents is a promising approach for the prevention of drug abuse by these youth. 43 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse prevention; American Indians; Cultural influences; Drug prevention programs; Indian affairs
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.