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NCJ Number: 201611 Find in a Library
Title: Space II -- Community Sanctions and Measures (CSM) Ordered in 1999
Journal: Penological Information Bulletin  Issue:23, 24  Dated:December 2002  Pages:131-154
Author(s): Pierre V. Tournier
Date Published: December 2002
Page Count: 24
Type: Report (Annual/Periodic) ; Statistics
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: France
Annotation: This report presents statistics on community sanctions and measures ordered in each European Union country in 1999.
Abstract: Community sanctions and measures encompass "sanctions and measures which maintain the offender in the community and involve some restriction of his/her liberty through the imposition of conditions and/or obligations, and which are implemented by bodies designated in law for that purpose." In addition, community sanctions and measures designate "any sanction imposed by a court or a judge, and any measure taken before or instead of a decision or a sanction as well as ways of enforcing a sentence of imprisonment outside a prison establishment." Sanctions addressed in the data include conditional deferral of a sentence; treatment ordered for drug-dependent offenders, alcoholics, offenders with mental disorders, and persons convicted of a sexual offense; compensation ordered by a criminal court; community service; probation; electronic monitoring in the community; semi-liberty; conditional release before completion of the sentence; and combined sanctions and measures followed by treatment. The total number of offenders for 10 categories of sanctions or measures are presented in 1 table. Three tables contain data concerning prison sentences without full or partial suspension; these provide a means of comparison for determining the frequency with which the various community sanctions are applied. Five tables address community sanctions that may take different forms: treatment ordered, community service, probation, combined sanctions and measures, and others. A table also provides data on a global frequency index (GFI), which is obtained by finding the ratio of the number of community sanctions in a given category ordered in 1999 to the number of prison sentences without full or partial suspension ordered the same year. Another table contains data on a specific frequency index (SFI), which is calculated the same as the GFI, but includes only sentences of less than 1 year in the denominator. 12 tables
Main Term(s): Community-based corrections (adult)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Corrections in foreign countries; Council of Europe; Country-by-country surveys; Europe; Foreign correctional systems; Foreign corrections statistics
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