skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 201663 Find in a Library
Title: Probation, Parole and Public Safety: The Need for Principled Practices Versus Faddism and Circular Policy Development
Journal: Corrections Today Magazine  Volume:65  Issue:5  Dated:August 2003  Pages:46-48,50
Author(s): Mario Paparozzi
Date Published: August 2003
Page Count: 4
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines the ideological shifts that have occurred in the profession of probation and parole since the early 1960’s.
Abstract: Over the past four decades, probation and parole has undergone tremendous shifts in its ideological stance toward offenders and conceptions of justice. The main ideologies have been offender rehabilitation (late 1960’s to mid-1970’s); offender punishment (mid-1970’s to early 1980’s); intermediate sanctions, punishments, and treatment interventions (mid-1980’s to late 1990’s); and the current community involvement, interagency collaboration, and offender re-entry paradigm (late 1990’s to 2002). Regardless of the ideological flavor of the year, the profession seems to direct its goals toward some combination of crime prevention, public safety, justice, and restoration. The article discusses the benefits of the business model, as it is applied to probation and parole. The business model emphasizes outcomes over processes, and grounds practice in data showing the effectiveness of programs. The business model encourages probation and parole to base policies and practice on research evidence, especially concerning offender recidivism under different models of probation and parole. The article also discusses how public opinion influences how probation and parole goes about its business. Taxpayer satisfaction and opinion must be balanced with polices and programs that have been demonstrated to reduce recidivism. Suggestions are offered for an organizational model for probation and parole that includes ongoing program evaluation focusing on benefits versus costs. Without a focus on outcomes, probation and parole may be doomed to recycle through the ideological jumping of its past.
Main Term(s): Parole board; Probation
Index Term(s): Policy analysis; Probation evaluation; Program evaluation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.