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NCJ Number: 201697 Find in a Library
Title: Reforming Pakistan Police: An Overview (From UNAFEI Annual Report for 2001 and Resource Material Series No. 60, P 94-106, 2003, Sean Eratt, ed. -- See NCJ-201693)
Author(s): Muhammad S. Suddle
Date Published: February 2003
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Sale Source: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
26-1 Harumi-Cho, Fuchu
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: After examining the historical context and current conditions that have set the stage for police reform in Pakistan, this paper discusses the politics of police reform and describes the comprehensive police reform program being undertaken.
Abstract: In 1947 Pakistan inherited a police system from the British that was more than 80 years old. The emphasis was on police intimidation of citizens as a means of deterring them from crime. The concepts of service to and cooperation with the community were not paramount. Among the serious constraints that have undermined the current police system of Pakistan are an outdated legal and institutional framework, arbitrary and impulsive management of the police by the executive authority at every level, poor incentive systems, widespread corruption, and severe lack of resources for the enforcement of the law and maintenance of order. The thrust of police reform should be toward the creation of a police system that is politically neutral, non-authoritarian, accountable and responsive to the community, professionally efficient, and an instrument of the rule of law. In November 1999, the Government of Pakistan established the Focal Group on Police Reforms for the purpose of generating recommendations for the fundamental restructuring of the police. Simultaneously, the National Reconstruction Bureau (NRB) decided to accord high priority to police reforms as part of its good governance and devolution-of-powers efforts. As a first step toward reform, the NRB concluded that responsibility for the maintenance of law and order must rest with the police rather than with political executives. Efforts to render the police professionally competent, operationally neutral, functionally cohesive, and organizationally responsible for all its actions was institutionalized in the Police Ordinance of 2002. The NRB also decided to establish public safety commissions at national, provincial, and district levels to provide oversight of certain critical aspects of police functioning. Further, the role, duties, and responsibilities of police have been redefined to reflect service and crime-prevention functions. Reform efforts have also focused on meeting community needs and expectations. In addition, the reform strategy aims to establish an independent Prosecution Service in each Province to improve the quality of both investigation and prosecution. 24 references
Main Term(s): Police reform
Index Term(s): Foreign police; History of policing; Pakistan; Police corruption; Political influences
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