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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 201699 Find in a Library
Title: Effective Administration of Police and Prosecution in the United States (From UNAFEI Annual Report for 2001 and Resource Material Series No. 60, P 131-143, 2003, Sean Eratt, ed. -- See NCJ-201693)
Author(s): Anthony D. Castberg
Date Published: February 2003
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Sale Source: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
26-1 Harumi-Cho, Fuchu
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: This paper discusses issues pertinent to policing and prosecution in the United States, as well as police-prosecutor relations.
Abstract: An overview of police work in the United States notes that the most important function of the police officer is law enforcement that results in the collection of evidence, the apprehension and prosecution of criminals, the maintenance of order, and the protection of the public. In addition to the role of the police in America, this paper addresses control over the police, the diversity and multiplicity of law enforcement agencies, the selection and training of law enforcement personnel, political influences on the police, police corruption and deviance, and dealing with many of the problems that affect law enforcement in the United States. The function of the prosecutor in the United States is primarily to represent the people by prosecuting those who are alleged to have committed crimes. Issues discussed are becoming a prosecutor, working as a prosecutor, the charging decisions, the grand jury, the preliminary hearing, checks on prosecutorial discretion, and plea bargaining. The focus of the section on police-prosecutor relations is their mutual dependence in ensuring that criminals are convicted, problems in the relationship, and the resolution of conflicts between police and prosecutors in the course of developing a strong case.
Main Term(s): Police prosecutor relations
Index Term(s): Plea negotiations; Police agencies; Police corruption; Police personnel selection; Police responsibilities; Police training programs; Political influences; Prosecution; Prosecutorial discretion; United States of America
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