skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 201761 Find in a Library
Title: Substantiation as a Multitier Process: The Results of a NIS-3 Analysis
Journal: Child Maltreatment  Volume:8  Issue:3  Dated:August 2003  Pages:173-182
Author(s): Gary King; Nico Trocme; Nandita Thatte
Date Published: August 2003
Page Count: 10
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined various investigatory factors influencing the multitiered child maltreatment substantiation process used by child protection services.
Abstract: Mandatory reporting of suspect child maltreatment, coupled with increased public education on this issue, resulted in an increase of reported cases during the early 1990’s. However, the substantiation rate during the period from 1986 to 1993 decreased from 51 percent to 28 percent. Low substantiation rates present a problem to an overburdened child protection system because it shows that valuable human resources are not being spent on the most needy cases. As such, the authors examined data from the 1993 Third National Incidence Study (NIS-3) of substantiated and unsubstantiated reported incidents (N=7,263) to determine which factors influenced the multitiered substantiation process. Independent variables examined included demographic characteristics, case-processing variables, and maltreatment characteristics. Results of bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that 60.2 percent of reported cases were evaluated as unfounded, 22 percent were founded, and 17 percent were classified as indicated. Case processing variables were predictive of founded and indicated status. The demographic characteristics of income and race were also predictive of cases which were classified as founded. Cases in which the family had a mid-range income (between $15,000 and $29,999) were less likely to be classified as founded compared to cases of families with less than $15,000. Cases of Hispanic children were more likely than any other race category to be classified as founded. Further analysis of the substantiation process is crucial for providing a more effective investigation and substantiation system. Table, references
Main Term(s): Child abuse investigations; Child protection services
Index Term(s): Child abuse detection; Child abuse reporting; Child abuse-social class relationships; Services effectiveness
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.