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NCJ Number: 201833 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Can Police Adapt? Tracking the Effects of Organizational Reform Over Six Years (From Community Policing: Can it Work, P 79-108, 2004, Wesley G. Skogan, ed. -- See NCJ-201829)
Author(s): Dennis P. Rosenbaum; Deanna L. Wilkinson
Date Published: August 2000
Page Count: 30
Sponsoring Agency: Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority
Chicago, IL 60606
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Wadsworth Publishing Co
Belmont, CA 94002
Sale Source: Wadsworth Publishing Co
20 Davis Drive
Belmont, CA 94002
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter discusses the findings of a study of community policing reform efforts.
Abstract: A 6 year longitudinal study of community policing reform efforts in two Midwestern police departments was conducted that focused on the psychological and behavioral responses of police officers. The hypothesis being tested was that changes in organizational, management style, and training programs would enlarge and enrich the line officers’ job, as well as create a supportive work environment. This new environment would yield positive changes in officers’ attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors with respect to community policing and problem solving. Several methodologies were employed in the field, including in-person interviews with key participants, focus group interviews, observations, monthly monitoring, and a comprehensive review of documents. Five waves of survey data were collected to estimate the effects of the interventions on police personnel. The results show that significant changes were made in the two organizations during 6 years of intensive reform, and yet only limited effects were observed on police officers. A large group of officers for whom community policing, creative problem solving, and data-driven planning were easily adopted were identified. These individuals distinguished themselves repeatedly on a number of dimensions. They are the new “super cops” of the community-policing era and exhibit many of the idealized attitudes and behaviors promoted by community policing advocates. The study clearly identifies them attitudinally and the fieldwork documented the distinctive behavioral repertoire among several model officers. A closer look is needed, by ethnographic and other methods, to define their distinctive behavioral repertoire. 33 citations, appendix
Main Term(s): Attitude change; Community policing
Index Term(s): Police community relations programs; Police effectiveness; Police resource allocation; Police-citizen interactions; Policing innovation; Psychology of law enforcement
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