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NCJ Number: 201835 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Diving Into Quicksand: Program Implementation and Police Subcultures (From Community Policing: Can it Work, P 136-161, 2004, Wesley G. Skogan, ed. -- See NCJ-201829)
Author(s): Richard L. Wood; Mariah Davis; Amelia Rouse
Date Published: 2004
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Wadsworth Publishing Co
Belmont, CA 94002
Grant Number: 96-IJ-CX-0068; 98-IJ-CX-0073
Sale Source: Wadsworth Publishing Co
20 Davis Drive
Belmont, CA 94002
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article analyzes the interaction between police culture and the effort to implement community policing.
Abstract: Traditional police culture is broadly characterized as combining a high us-them boundary between sworn officers and all others, including civilian workers; and strongly reinforced rules governing behavior rooted in official form and informal norms and sanctions. The seven police subcultures are remnants of the traditional culture, paramilitary, opportunistic, administrative, civilian, and expert community-oriented policing. The current transitional period in urban policing has left police departments a legacy of fragmented organizational cultures, with a variety of approaches to police work pulling in contradictory directions. An ethnographic re-examination of police subcultures is needed because most of the current knowledge has been built on ethnographic work two or three decades old. The apparent resurgence of excessive police force demands deeper understanding of the dynamics leading to officer abuse. It seems likely that coming years will witness attempts to reconsolidate a more unified culture of policing because fragmented organizational cultures find it difficult to pursue their goals effectively. What culture will ultimately prevail depends significantly on conditions set by others: political leaders, leadership of local departments, the renewal of federal funding, and the demands of diverse urban democratic constituencies. Only policing insiders can construct a new cultural core to give direction and meaning to the work of policing. It will be the interplay between the cultural agency of police leaders and the structural conditions set by political and legal dynamics that will determine the future course of urban policing. 1 figure, 61 citations
Main Term(s): Community policing; Police subculture
Index Term(s): Peer influences on behavior; Police attitudes; Police-citizen interactions; Policing innovation; Positive peer culture; Psychology of law enforcement
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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