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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 201851 Find in a Library
Title: Technologies of Crime: The Cyber-Attacks on Electronic Gambling Machines
Journal: Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice  Volume:45  Issue:2  Dated:April 2003  Pages:159-186
Author(s): John L. McMullan; David C. Perrier
Editor(s): Julian V. Roberts
Date Published: April 2003
Page Count: 28
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This paper examines the criminal technologies and criminal organization associated with gambling-related computer crimes that occurred in the video lottery terminal industry in the province of Nova Scotia.
Abstract: In this paper, an analysis was conducted on how one criminal group deployed hacking, cracking, and sleeper programs to defraud video lottery (VL) machines in the province of Nova Scotia by disassembling computer codes and predicting winning outcomes, altering computer memory and storage devices to increase profits for winning combinations, and manipulating computer RAM and ROM to disconnect terminals. The paper begins with a presentation on the criminal organization followed by a discussion on research sources and the presentation of a case-study approach. It continues by providing a detailed examination of the cyber-attacks on electronic gambling machines that occurred in Nova Scotia from 1994 to 1998. The paper concludes with a comparison and contrast of computer crime in the gambling industry with computer crime in other financial services. Notes, references
Main Term(s): Computer related crime
Index Term(s): Canada; Computer privacy and security; Gambling; Gambling related crimes; Lotteries; Nova Scotia; Technical evolution
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