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NCJ Number: 201856 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Neighborhoods and Homicide: Sex-and Type-Specific Variation Across Three Cities
Journal: Homicide Studies  Volume:7  Issue:3  Dated:August 2003  Pages:263-288
Author(s): Victoria B. Titterington; Scott Vollum; Pamela M. Diamond
Editor(s): Thomas A. Petee
Date Published: August 2003
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: National Consortium on Violence Research (NCOVR)
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
National Science Foundation
Arlington, VA 22230
US Dept of Housing and Urban Development
Washington, DC 20410
Grant Number: YR2-TSRF3; YR3-TSRF5
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Research results are presented on an analysis of sex-and type-specific homicide involvement at the level of census tracts for the cities of Chicago, Houston, and Miami from 1985 to 1994.
Abstract: Among the more useful current trends in criminological research is that found within the analysis of lethal violence. In this study of homicide for the period of 1985 to 1994 in the cities of Chicago, Houston, and Miami, a number of prevailing themes in lethal violence research were explored. The three cities chosen share critical characteristics of interest and yet, are diverse enough to increase the generalizability of the findings to other urban areas in the United States. Through the use of data from the National Consortium on Violence Research Data Center, this study presents an analysis of the variation across census tracts in levels of overall and sex-specific homicide victimization and offending in the three major cities stated above. The study analyzed 14,443 homicides across 1,409 census tracks. Overall, the findings support the influence of specific factors reflecting social disorganization in the categorization of conceptually distinct neighborhood contexts in which homicide risk widely varies. In addition, a variation of relative homicide risk in specific neighborhoods across the three cities was found. The overall homicide risk in the most disadvantaged neighborhoods was lowest in Miami, even though more than 90 percent of Miami’s homicides occurred in these census tracts. Tables, appendix, notes and references
Main Term(s): Homicide
Index Term(s): Homicide trends; Homicide victims; Urban area studies; Violence; Violence causes; Violent crimes
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