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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 201933 Find in a Library
Title: Homeland Security: Reforming Federal Grants to Better Meet Outstanding Needs
Author(s): Paul L. Posner
Corporate Author: US Government Accountability Office
United States of America
Date Published: September 3, 2003
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Government Accountability Office
Washington, DC 20013
US Government Accountability Office
Washington, DC 20548
Publication Number: GAO-03-1146T
Sale Source: US Government Accountability Office
P.O. Box 37050
Washington, DC 20013
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis; Legislative Hearing/Committee Report
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This testimony by Paul L. Posner of the U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO) before the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Terrorism, Technology, and Homeland Security offers options for reforming the Federal homeland security grant system to better serve the preparedness needs of State and local governments.
Abstract: The Federal grant system for first responders is fragmented, which impedes coordination and the integration of services and planning at State and local levels. Given scarce Federal resources, appropriate accountability and targeting provisions must be incorporated into grants to ensure that the funds have the best chance of improving security preparedness. Although this testimony does not offer recommendations, it describes options Congress might consider. Grant programs might be consolidated by using a block grant approach, in which State and local officials bear the primary responsibility for monitoring and overseeing the planning, management, and implementation of activities financed with Federal grant funds. Congress might also consider a more hybrid approach that would consolidate a number of narrowly targeted categorical programs, while retaining standards and accountability for discrete Federal performance goals. Another option would be to simplify and streamline planning and administrative requirements for the grant programs. Regardless of the approach used, it is important that grants be designed to target funds for States and localities with the greatest need, while discouraging the replacement of State and local funds with Federal funds. There should also be an appropriate balance between accountability and flexibility in setting grant parameters.
Main Term(s): Domestic Preparedness
Index Term(s): Federal programs; Fire emergency planning; Grants or contracts; Intergovernmental relations; Local government; Police emergency planning; State government
Note: Downloaded September 4, 2003.
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