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NCJ Number: 201956 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Effects of Drug Treatment on Institutional Behavior
Journal: The Prison Journal  Volume:83  Issue:3  Dated:September 2003  Pages:257-276
Author(s): Timothy W. Kinlock; Kevin E. O'Grady; Thomas E. Hanlon
Date Published: September 2003
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: R01 DA09050
Publisher: http://www.sagepub.com 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the effects of drug treatment for inmates on their institutional behavior.
Abstract: Previous research has examined the effectiveness of drug treatment programs on reducing postrelease relapse and recidivism among offenders. However, little is known about how drug treatment programs for inmates affect their behavior within correctional institutions. What is known is that drug-involved inmates are among the most disruptive segment of the inmate population, causing increased violence and other rule violations within the institution. In order to determine if drug treatment programs for inmates reduce problematic behaviors among this group, the authors randomly assigned 170 prerelease inmates with histories of drug abuse to either weekly cognitive-behavioral counseling or brief monthly supportive counseling for a 6-month period. Outcomes under examination included reclassification to a greater security, self-reported commission of major rule violations, and citations received for rule violations. Results of multivariate statistical analyses revealed that the cognitive-behavioral treatment was correlated with a reduced likelihood of being reclassified to a high security level. However, the findings were mixed in that the cognitive-behavioral counseling did not have a significant effect on major rule violations or citations received for rule violations, which presumably influenced the decision to reclassify offenders to higher security environments. Limitations of the study include the fact that there was no comparison of the two treatment groups to a no-treatment control group. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Inmate drug treatment; Institutional violence
Index Term(s): Prerelease programs; Treatment effectiveness
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