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NCJ Number: 201957 Find in a Library
Title: Correctional Officer Burnout and Stress: Does Gender Matter?
Journal: The Prison Journal  Volume:83  Issue:3  Dated:September 2003  Pages:277-288
Author(s): Joseph R. Carlson; Richard H. Anson; George Thomas
Date Published: September 2003
Page Count: 12
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined differences between female and male correctional officers in levels of job-related stress.
Abstract: The large influx of women officers into adult correctional institutions has focused attention on the nature of correctional work and on gender differences in adaptation to the work. Previous research from the 1980’s has indicated that female correctional officers experience greater job-related stress than do their male counterparts. Aside from these previous studies from the 1980’s, little empirical research exists to test the relationship between job burnout and gender in a maximum security prison setting. As such, the authors administered the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) to 277 correctional officers (181 men and 46 women) in 2 prison settings, 1 of which was a medium-security prison while the other housed female offenders. Results of statistical analyses revealed that female correctional officers experienced a greater sense of job-related personal achievement than male correctional officers. This finding is contrary to similar research conducted in the 1980’s. Moreover, male and female correctional officers were found to be similar on emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. Future research on the relationship between gender and job-related stress in correctional settings should focus on how the amount of inmate contact relates to stress. Tables, appendix, references
Main Term(s): Correctional officer stress
Index Term(s): Corrections occupational stress; Gender issues; Psychological stress evaluator
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