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NCJ Number: 202014 Find in a Library
Title: Critical Review of Field Studies on the Link of Alcohol and Adult Sexual Assault in Women
Journal: Aggression and Violent Behavior  Volume:8  Issue:5  Dated:September-October 2003  Pages:471-486
Author(s): Sarah E. Ullman
Editor(s): Vincent B. Van Hasselt; Michael Hersen
Date Published: September 2003
Page Count: 16
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This literature review examines recent non-experimental field studies addressing the role of alcohol in the sexual assault of women.
Abstract: Even though research has shown alcohol to be clearly related to a person’s risk of sexual assault and present in a significant portion of sexual assault incidents, it is less clear on the exact nature of alcohol’s role. This review focuses on recent studies of nationally representative samples examining how the studies can inform research and prevention efforts can address the risk of sexual assault victimization on women. To start, evidence is reviewed to evaluate whether there is a distal relationship between alcohol and risk of sexual assault victimization. Then, evidence for a proximal role of drinking prior to a sexual assault victimization incident is examined to determine alcohol’s role in rape and injury outcomes to victims. In these two types of studies, theoretical and methodological issues are discussed regarding the existing literature. In guiding future research, two theoretical models are proposed: (1) the global associations of drinking and sexual assault risk across the life span (macrolevel model) and (2) the role of drinking in the outcomes of actual sexual incidents (microlevel model). References
Main Term(s): Alcohol-crime relationship
Index Term(s): Abused women; Alcohol abuse; Alcohol-Related Offenses; Dangerousness; Female victims; Literature reviews; Rape; Sexual assault; Victimization
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