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NCJ Number: 202108 Find in a Library
Title: Institutional Theory of Police: A Review of the State of the Art
Journal: Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management  Volume:26  Issue:2  Dated:2003  Pages:186-207
Author(s): John P. Crank
Editor(s): Robert H. Langworthy
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 22
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines and summarizes the application of institutional theory by police theorists and researchers in policing recognizing the institutional contexts in which police departments participate.
Abstract: Institutionalized organizations, such as police departments, operate in environments that are complex, with values. Police organizations must display, in their organizational behavior and design, that they care about constituents’ concerns. Institutional theory began being used by police theorists and researchers in the 1990's to account for the constraining or enabling effects of the institutional environment on police organizations. It emerged as a way to explain the behavior and structure of criminal justice organizations and interorganizational fields. This article is divided into three sections: (1) an overview of institutional theory and a review of writings on the application of institutional theory to the police; (2) a review of research conducted on institutional theory across the field of criminal justice; and (3) a contrasting of the competing notions of institutions and utility in institutional theory, as well as locating police organizations within Giddens’ model of human agency. References
Main Term(s): Police organizational structure
Index Term(s): Organizational theories; Police agencies; Police attitudes; Police internal organizations
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