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NCJ Number: 202123 Find in a Library
Title: Hate Crime: A Canadian Perspective
Journal: Police Chief  Volume:70  Issue:8  Dated:August 2003  Pages:36-38,93
Author(s): Julian Fantino
Editor(s): Charles E. Higginbotham
Date Published: August 2003
Page Count: 4
Publisher: http://www.theiacp.org 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article discusses responses and critical elements needed by all components of the criminal justice system in confronting the issue of hate-motivated crimes.
Abstract: The impact and severity of hate crimes is widespread and affects not only individual victims but instills community fear and group intimidation, adding an aggravating feature. Combating hate-motivated crimes requires a proactive, sensitive, and effective response from all components of the criminal justice system, especially law enforcement. This article discusses law enforcement’s leadership role in properly identifying and effectively investigating hate-motivated crimes. How law enforcement responds to hate crimes can have a significant and lasting impact on both victims and whole communities. An effective criminal justice response to hate crime requires a number of critical elements that include, but are not limited to: (1) accurate collection of data based on well-defined and consistent criteria to classify hate-crime activity; (2) a close police-community relationship; (3) proactive monitoring of the presence of hate propaganda and those promoting hate-motivated criminal activity; (4) hate crime training for police, investigators, prosecutors, and judges; (5) vigorous prosecutions resulting in severe and certain penalties, and stronger laws and authority for law enforcement to be used against hate crime and hate propaganda; and (6) establishment of links and cooperation among law enforcement agencies at all levels to share information, training, resources, and expertise in relation to hate crimes.
Main Term(s): Hate Crimes
Index Term(s): Crime prevention measures; Crime prevention training; Crime specific countermeasures; Criminal justice system effectiveness; Police community relations; Police crime-prevention; Public Opinion of the Police; Racially motivated violence; Religiously motivated violence
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