skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 202192 Find in a Library
Title: Asian Organized Crime and Terrorist Activity in Canada, 1999-2002
Author(s): Neil S. Helfand
Corporate Author: Library of Congress
United States of America
Project Director: David L. Osborne
Date Published: July 2003
Page Count: 50
Sponsoring Agency: Library of Congress
Washington, DC 20540
Sale Source: Library of Congress
10 First Street, SE
Washington, DC 20540
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study explored the scope of Asian organized crime and terrorist activity in Canada over the period 1999 to 2002, including the extent of cooperation and possible overlap between criminal and terrorist activities in that country.
Abstract: The study focused on those Asian organized crime syndicates that impact the United States through Canada, notably, crime groups trafficking heroin from Southeast Asia, groups involved in the trafficking of women, and groups that commit financial crimes against U.S. interests. The terrorist organizations examined also pose threats to U.S. interests. Sources for this research were the various holdings of the U.S. Library of Congress, the Open Source Information System (OSIS), other press accounts, and various studies produced by scholars and organizations. Numerous online research services were also used, including those of nongovernmental organizations and international organizations. The study found that although many Asian organized crime syndicates in Canada exaggerate their links to traditional triads in order to inspire fear, non-triad organizations constitute the majority of Asian organized crime groups in Canada. These groups often consist of business entrepreneurs who may use triad members to better pursue illicit activities. The Big Circle Boys gang has had the greatest expansion in Canada since it was first identified in the late 1980's. Through cells located in cities throughout North America and a willingness to cooperate with ethnically diverse groups, this gang has become extensively involved in the Southeast Asian heroin trade; it is also responsible for a high percentage of the counterfeit credit cards in North America. The 14K triad is the fastest growing criminal group in Canada, and it is also present in New York City and other U.S. cities. Vietnamese organized crime groups in Canada are expanding rapidly, and their expertise is in high-technology crimes and trafficking in women. Their networking activities hold the potential for such groups to become more formal and structured. The extent to which Canada is the base for terrorist sleeper cells capable of attacks against North American targets remains undetermined. Research from 1999 onward has revealed numerous accounts of individuals who have links to terrorist organizations and who may have been in the process of orchestrating terrorist attacks. Greater security measures adopted since September 11 have resulted in a number of arrests over the past 4 years. Although terrorist organizations use some of the same techniques for generating revenue as organized crime groups, open-source research has not found many examples of cooperation between these two types of groups. Faced with the likely spread of Asian organized crime groups and given the lengthy and porous Canadian-U.S. border as well as permissive immigration laws, Canada will continue to be an ideal transit point for crime groups and terrorist groups to commit crimes in the United States. The new Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, which took effect in June 2002, may address some of the issues regarding immigration to Canada. 93 references
Main Term(s): Domestic Preparedness
Index Term(s): Asian gangs; Canada; Gang involvement in organized crime; International cooperation; Organized crime; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Terrorist tactics; Transnational Organized Crime
Note: Downloaded September 25, 2003.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=202192

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.