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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 202214 Find in a Library
Title: Victims and Criminal Justice: Asian Perspective
Editor(s): Tatsuya Ota
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 322
Sponsoring Agency: Hogaku-Kenkyu-Kai, Keio University
Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Publication Number: ISBN 4-7664-0983-3
Sale Source: Hogaku-Kenkyu-Kai, Keio University
2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku
Tokyo 108-8345,
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: Written by academics and practitioners in the fields of victimology or criminology, the 12 chapters of this book portray the development and recent trends in victimology and victim support in Asian countries or a region, namely, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, and Thailand.
Abstract: The introductory chapter provides an overview of the historical development of victimology and victim support in Asia. Subsequent chapters focus on the scope and characteristics of victimology and victim services in each of the countries, with critiques by the authors included. The chapters indicate that with the exception of some individual pioneers of victimology in Asia, there has been a delay of victim support in Asian countries compared with Western countries. This has been largely due to a focus on the guarantee of offenders' rights and the rehabilitation of offenders in the period following World War II. The situation gradually changed in the 1980's, as first Japan and then Korea enacted legislation that authorized victim compensation in 1980 and 1988 respectively. Beginning in the 1990's, growing new trends in the victim support movement were clearly evident throughout Asia, although progress varied from country to country, reflecting the differences in social context and criminal justice systems. Many of the chapters note that the international victim support movement -- especially the 4th International Symposium on Victimology held in Japan in 1982 and the United Nations Declaration on the Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power adopted in 1985 -- fueled and guided the development of victim support in Asian countries. Some Asian countries, such as Indonesia, have focused on the plight of crime victims due to crime increases in the course of modernization and industrialization as well as political reform. Some nations have given attention to crimes against women and children, notably those suffering from violence and abuse within the home. The chapters give attention to such victim services as offender restitution to victims, state compensation for victims, victim participation in criminal proceedings, and victim/witness protection from intimidation and harm. The conceptualization and implementation of restorative justice principles and practices are also discussed in some of the chapters. Chapter tables and references
Main Term(s): Victim services
Index Term(s): Asia; Hong Kong; India; Indonesia; Japan; Korea (South); Malaysia; Philippines; Restitution; Restorative Justice; Singapore; Taiwan; Thailand; Victim compensation; Victim Services Notification; Victims in foreign countries; Witness protection
Note: For individual chapters, see NCJ-202215-26.
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