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NCJ Number: 202216 Find in a Library
Title: Victims of Crime: A Critical Review of Essential Programmes in Hong Kong (From Victims and Criminal Justice: Asian Perspective, P 45-61, 2003, Tatsuya Ota, ed. -- See NCJ-202214)
Author(s): Wai-To Chan
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Hogaku-Kenkyu-Kai, Keio University
Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Sale Source: Hogaku-Kenkyu-Kai, Keio University
2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku
Tokyo 108-8345,
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: This chapter describes the major crime victim programs in Hong Kong and identifies and critiques the ideological themes of various victim programs.
Abstract: Overall, Hong Kong does not have sound, comprehensive, and well-coordinated victim programs. The primary victim-support features are statutory provisions for compensation orders and criminal and law enforcement injuries compensation, along with voluntary efforts by nongovernmental organizations such as Harmony House for Battered Wives, Serene Court of Christian Family Service Center, and Services for Sexually Assaulted Victims. The mandated compensation scheme has been criticized because only those crime victims with "serious" injuries, as defined by medical examiners, have an incentive to apply for compensation. "Serious" injuries are accorded a minimum of 3 days of sick leave from work. Although this rule does not apply to cases in which the victim is killed or sustains permanent disability, or when the victim incurred injury while trying to prevent a crime, the effect is that the compensation scheme does not encourage victims with less serious injuries to apply for the compensation they need. Also, rather than focusing on victims' needs, the compensation boards tend to follow the concept that only "deserving" or "innocent" victims warrant compensation. The voluntary welfare sector has been more responsive than the government to the increasing incidence of family violence and the needs of sexual assault victims. The existing system of victim services is based on the "care" or "welfare" model, under which the community should absorb the burden of severe hardship suffered by individual citizens as a consequence of misfortunes. The "retributive" model is also evident, under which the victim is compensated in accordance with the damage inflicted by the offender. The author advocates improving the conceptual basis for victim programs in Hong Kong under the model of restorative justice, which emphasizes restitution as a means of improving the conditions of both victims and offenders. 8 tables and 31 references
Main Term(s): Victim services
Index Term(s): Hong Kong; Sexual assault victims; Shelters for Battered Women; Victim compensation; Victims in foreign countries
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