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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 202218 Find in a Library
Title: Victimization in Indonesia: An Expensive Lesson (From Victims and Criminal Justice: Asian Perspective, P 83-93, 2003, Tatsuya Ota, ed. -- See NCJ-202214)
Author(s): Mardjono Reksodiputro; Mudzakkir
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Hogaku-Kenkyu-Kai, Keio University
Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Sale Source: Hogaku-Kenkyu-Kai, Keio University
2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku
Tokyo 108-8345,
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: This chapter discusses the plight of crime victims in Indonesia and describes and critiques the legislation and response that pertains to crime victims' needs.
Abstract: There is no specific law in Indonesia that mandates state compensation or offender restitution for crime victims; however, the Code of 1981 enables crime victims to ask prosecutors to join a civil suit for damages with criminal charges against offenders. A claim for compensation from the state has also been made possible under this new code; this claim, however, is only available for cases in which the defendant is found not guilty by the court and the court later finds negligent or unlawful conduct by the law enforcement officer. Although national law largely ignores the plight of crime victims, there are many nongovernmental organizations in Indonesia that address crime victims' needs. These organizations have laid the groundwork of selective assistance to victims, but a comprehensive victim assistance scheme is missing. Various recent studies of victimization in Indonesia have further exposed the glaring need for victim services. Research conducted to date has revealed widespread and increasing structural and collective victimization over the last 10 years. Much of this has been due to the 32-year authoritarian and abusive rule of Suharto. These studies of victimization in Indonesia offer promise that the new government will endorse legislation that focuses on the problems of victims.
Main Term(s): Victim services
Index Term(s): Indonesia; Victim-witness legislation; Victims in foreign countries
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