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NCJ Number: 202369 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Emergency Department Trends From the Drug Abuse Warning Network, Final Estimates 1995-2002
Corporate Author: Westat
United States of America

Johnson, Bassin, and Shaw, (JBS) Inc
United States of America
Date Published: July 2003
Page Count: 619
Sponsoring Agency: Johnson, Bassin, and Shaw, (JBS) Inc
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3803
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
SAMHSA's National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information
Rockville, MD 20852
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Admin (SAMHSA)
Rockville, MD 20857
Rockville, MD 20850
Contract Number: 283-98-9010; 283-02-9025; 282-98-0003; 277-00-6114
Sale Source: SAMHSA's National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information
Box 2345
Rockville, MD 20852
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This document discusses findings from the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) for 1995 through 2002.
Abstract: Estimates of drug-related emergency department (ED) episodes and mentions reveal few significant changes from 2001 to 2002. Total drug-related ED episodes and mentions were statistically unchanged, while ED visits for any reason increased 2 percent. Over the long-term, drug-related ED episodes and their associated drug mentions grew at roughly twice the rate of total ED visits, with a 31 percent rise in drug-related ED visits, a 34 percent rise in ED drug mentions, and a 16 percent increase in total ED visits over the 8 year period 1995 to 2002. Among the 15 major substances of abuse, ED mentions of only 2 (PCP and amphetamines) increased significantly from 2001 to 2002, and 1 (LSD) declined. The most frequently mentioned drugs -- alcohol-in-combination, cocaine, marijuana, and heroin -- all remained stable. Among the most frequently mentioned other substances of abuse, the benzodiazepines were unchanged, while ED mentions of narcotic analgesics/combinations rose 20 percent from 2001 to 2002. Over the period 1995 to 2002, 8 of the 15 major substances of abuse -- alcohol-in-combination, cocaine, heroin, marijuana, amphetamines, MDMA (ecstasy), PCP, and GHB -- showed significant growth, while only 1 substance, LSD, showed a significant decrease. ED episodes involving marijuana have shown the largest percentage increase over the long-term. Of the less common major substances of abuse, amphetamines and methamphetamine form a middle tier in terms of numbers of drug mentions. ED mentions of amphetamines and methamphetamine in 2002 were concentrated in six metropolitan areas in the western United States. The remaining nine major substances of abuse, which form the bottom tier in terms of numbers of ED mentions, are primarily hallucinogens and club drugs MDMA, GHB, Ketamine, and Rohypnol. Drug abuse-related ED episodes involving certain prescription drugs, particularly the benzodiazepines and narcotic analgesics (pain relievers), continue to rise. 6 appendices, 340 tables, 18 figures
Main Term(s): Drug statistics; Future trends
Index Term(s): Crime patterns; Drug manufacturing; Drug research; Drug treatment; Treatment; Voluntary treatment
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