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NCJ Number: 202428 Find in a Library
Title: Forms of Social Support That Moderate PTSD in Childhood Sexual Abuse Survivors
Journal: Journal of Family Violence  Volume:18  Issue:5  Dated:October 2003  Pages:295-300
Author(s): Scott M. Hyman; Steven N. Gold; Melissa A. Cott
Date Published: October 2003
Page Count: 6
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study sought to identify the specific types of perceived social support that buffer the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in victims of childhood sexual abuse (CSA).
Abstract: A total of 172 adult females who reported experiencing CSA were administered the Interpersonal Support Evaluation List (ISEL), which measures the perceived availability of four support types, and the Impact of Events Scale (IES), which measures core PTSD symptoms of intrusion and avoidance. For the ISEL, the "tangible" subscale measures the perceived availability of material aid; the "appraisal" subscale measures the perceived availability of someone to talk to about one's problems; the "self-esteem" subscale measures the perceived availability of a positive comparison when comparing one's self to others; and the "belonging" subscale measures the perceived availability of companions with whom one can enjoy activities. The study identified a specific combination of perceived support types that was most useful in preventing the development of PTSD in CSA survivors. The perception that others value the abused individual (self-esteem support), in addition to the perception that she had the ability to obtain advice when coping with problems (appraisal support), were inversely related to PTSD symptom levels. Further, the results supported the hypothesis that self-esteem support would prove to be the support type most strongly related to PTSD prevention. 1 table and 36 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Adult survivors of child sexual abuse; Child Sexual Abuse; Family support; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD); Psychological victimization effects; Social conditions
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