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NCJ Number: 202655 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Female Arrests: A Holistic Explanation of Organization Functioning
Journal: Women & Criminal Justice  Volume:14  Issue:4  Dated:2003  Pages:35-51
Author(s): John D. McCluskey; Cynthia Perez McCluskey; Beth Huebner
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 17
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether the processing of juvenile female status offenders varied by the level of sex crimes in a Midwestern city.
Abstract: The article elaborates on feminist theory using Emerson’s idea of holistic approaches to explain the processing of juvenile female status offenders. Many criminological theories and criminal justice research has focused on the characteristics of citizens as pivotal to their likelihood of arrest. Feminist theories focus on gender as a characteristic that has the potential to affect how the criminal justice system processes individuals. It was hypothesized that the processing of juvenile female status offenders varied with the level of sex crimes in a community. In order to test this hypothesis, the authors plotted monthly reports of sex crime and status offense arrests for male and female juveniles between January 1989 and August 1999 in a Midwestern community. The authors examined whether a peak in sex crimes corresponded to a peak in juvenile female status offense arrests. Results of statistical analysis revealed a significant increase in juvenile female status arrests following one of two periods of heightened sex crimes, but no corresponding increase in juvenile male status arrests. The authors recommend that future studies focus on multiple jurisdictions. Tables, notes, references
Main Term(s): Juvenile arrest trends; Juvenile status offenders
Index Term(s): Case processing; Female juvenile delinquents; Juvenile processing; Sex offenses
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