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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 203261 Find in a Library
Title: International Terrorism, Organised Crime and Illegal Market (From International Terrorism Prevention Strategies, P 5-10, 2003, Oksanna Hatalak, ed. -- See NCJ-203260)
Author(s): Pino Arlacchi
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
10127 Torino, Italy
Sale Source: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
Viale Maestri del Lavoro, 10
10127 Torino,
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: Italy
Annotation: This paper provides observations regarding terrorism focusing on the September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States, international terrorism and its objectives, terrorism and its connection with organized crime, and the use of politics to resolve terrorism.
Abstract: In this chapter, four observations are presented and discussed. It begins with the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States. The international community and the national security organizations were not expecting such an attack on the United States which led to an immediate measured and political response of the international community and specifically, the United States. After the attack proposals were prepared for the creation of an international body within the United Nations to coordinate a world effort against terrorism. It is observed that terrorism is a political phenomenon that rarely achieves its aims but produces the opposite effects with the most effective alternative to terrorism being the normal political process. It becomes difficult for terrorism to achieve its objectives in the long term because it has no power of expansion. It is observed that international terrorist groups have connections to organized crime and the involvement of organized crime in illicit traffic. This causes concern because it makes the problem of terrorism complicated with support being received from outside the organized group’s own country. Many of these groups have an extremely decentralized and financially autonomous component making it difficult to identify or infiltrate them. The winning strategy or solution seen to the problem of international terrorism is seen as a political one because it is the only one that attacks the cause of the problem.
Main Term(s): Terrorism/Mass Violence
Index Term(s): Counter-terrorism intelligence; Crime specific countermeasures; Domestic terrorism; International terrorism; Political impact of terrorism; Self concept; Terrorism causes; Terrorist tactics
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