skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 203337 Find in a Library
Title: Health Care Part 2
Journal: Corrections Compendium  Volume:28  Issue:11  Dated:November 2003  Pages:9-26
Author(s): Cece Hill
Corporate Author: American Correctional Assoc
United States of America
Date Published: November 2003
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: American Correctional Assoc
Alexandria, VA 22314
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This second part of the Corrections Compendium 2002 survey of 40 United States and 4 Canadian correctional systems focuses on the health-care services for females, the elderly, the chronically or terminally ill, and those with alcohol/drug addictions, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C, and tuberculosis.
Abstract: On average, 4.7 percent of inmates were over 55 years old within the United States reporting systems, and 5.7 percent of inmates in Canada were over 55. No special health care provisions were in place in five States or in two Canadian Provinces. Special provisions for elderly inmates included separate housing units or facilities, infirmaries, and hospice care. Laws are in place for early release in 17 of the U.S. reporting systems and 2 Canadian reporting systems. Less than 2 percent of the inmate population was categorized as chronically or terminally ill in eight U.S. correctional systems. In the remaining U.S. reporting systems, the average number was nearly 24 percent of the inmate population, and was as high as 50 percent in Washington State and 51 percent in Mississippi. Based on a reported 63,545 females in U.S. correctional systems in 2002, 47 percent of those reporting systems stated they spent more money for female health care services than the preceding year. OB/GYN care, including prenatal/postpartum care and Pap smears, was provided in 100 percent of the U.S. reporting systems. Mammography was provided in 97 percent of the U.S. reporting systems. In Canada, 100 percent of the reporting systems provided OB/GYN, prenatal/postpartum care, and Pap smears; and 50 percent provided mammography. Testing for HIV/AIDS was done at intake by 52 percent of the U.S. reporting systems, at inmate's request by 72 percent, or at physician's request by 85 percent. The number of HIV/AIDS-infected inmates constituted less than 1 percent of the total population of 25 U.S. reporting systems to a high of just under 10 percent in the District of Columbia. The prevalence of hepatitis C in the reporting systems' populations was higher than HIV/AIDS. Testing for the disease was conducted at intake by 12 percent of the U.S. reporting systems, at inmate request by 47 percent, and at a physician's request by 90 percent. Seventy-seven percent of the U.S. reporting systems tracked those infected with hepatitis C. Protocols for treatment were in use in all the U.S. and Canadian reporting systems. There was no random testing for tuberculosis, and 50 percent of the U.S. reporting systems added an annual TB test to their health care screening plans. A wide variety of treatment plans were being used for this population. 6 tables with State-by-State and Province-by-Province data and information on each survey item
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): AIDS/HIV in correctional facilities; Elderly offenders; Female inmates; Inmate health; Inmate health care; State-by-state analyses; Tuberculosis
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.