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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 203397 Find in a Library
Title: Illicit Drug and Injecting Equipment Markets Inside English Prisons: A Qualitative Study
Journal: Journal of Offender Rehabilitation  Volume:37  Issue:3/4  Dated:2003  Pages:47-64
Author(s): Rhidian Hughes
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 18
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This qualitative research invited 24 drug injectors with prison experience in Great Britain to discuss the role and operation of illicit-drug and injecting-equipment markets inside prisons.
Abstract: The data, which were obtained from in-depth interviews and small group discussions, focused on why and how drugs and injecting equipment enter prison from outside; the maintenance of supplies inside prison; and the availability of drugs and injecting equipment, with attention to the quality of injecting equipment. The analysis of the interviews found that drugs and injecting equipment are brought into prison from the outside to maintain drug dependency of inmates, who have no means of accessing a drug supply from inside the prison. The two primary means by which drugs and injecting equipment enter prison are with the inmates when they first enter prison and through visitors to inmates. The drug and injecting equipment are typically concealed in body cavities. Drug injectors rely on other people for the provision of sterile injecting equipment. This means there is little choice regarding the equipment received. Drug-injecting activities inside prison are clandestine and involve considerable planning and organization. Direct trading to secure drugs and injecting equipment in prison involve trading and the shared use of resources. The reciprocal giving of drugs and injecting equipment, the provision of drugs on credit and associated problems with debt, along with the theft of drugs pose significant harm to the inmates. Drug use by inmates is, at least partly, due to oppressive prison regimes where drugs are used in a desperate attempt to combat boredom and isolation. A holistic prison policy should address the reasons why drug injectors are sentenced to prison, how their imprisonment can be reduced, why drug injectors' need for illicit drugs is sustained in prison; and how integrated drug treatment strategies, including the provision of substitute drugs, can be developed between prison and the wider community. 30 references and appended explanatory notes on drug injectors' vocabulary
Main Term(s): Drug abuse in correctional facilities
Index Term(s): Corrections in foreign countries; Foreign inmates; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Inmate hustling; Inmate visits
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