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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 203485 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Which Psychosocial Factors Are Related to Drinking Among Rural Adolescents?
Journal: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse  Volume:13  Issue:1  Dated:2003  Pages:19-35
Author(s): Jennifer A. Epstein; Gilbert J. Botvin; Richard Spoth
Editor(s): Vincent B. Van Hasselt Ph.D.; Brad Donohue Ph.D.
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: 5R37DA10815
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the relationship of psychosocial factors with alcohol use for adolescents residing in rural Iowa.
Abstract: Alcohol is the most frequently used drug among adults and adolescents in the United States. Most research on the problem of alcohol use has focused on urban populations. Yet certain serious alcohol-related problems (motor vehicle deaths, driving under the influence, liquor law violations, and drunkenness) occur more in rural areas than urban areas. Adolescents are not immune to the problems affecting rural communities and recent research indicates adolescent alcohol use appears to be increasing. This study examined potential predictors of alcohol use (current use and future drinking) among rural adolescents. The factors were examined separately for boys and girls. Data for the study were collected from completed questionnaires from 1,673 seventh-grade students in 36 junior high schools in 22 contiguous counties in northeastern Iowa. The sample was 96 percent White and 47 percent female. The majority of the students (85 percent) lived in two-parent households. The students completed self-report questionnaires in school during a 40-45 minute class period. The study measured current alcohol use, future drinking, peer drinking norms, adult drinking norms, drug refusal assertiveness, drug refusal techniques, life skills, pro-drinking attitudes, risk-taking tendency, and perceived family management practices. Analysis of the results revealed that peer drinking norms, drug refusal assertiveness, drug refusal techniques, life-skills, pro-drinking attitudes, and risk-taking tendency were related to drinking measures. In addition, perceived family management skills and drug refusal techniques were associated with drinking for girls but not boys, and risk-taking tendency was related to drinking for boys but not girls. These findings have important implications about which strategies offer promise in alcohol prevention programs for rural adolescents. 3 tables and 53 references
Main Term(s): Underage Drinking
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Alcohol abuse; Juvenile delinquency in rural areas; Rural area studies
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