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NCJ Number: 203580 Find in a Library
Title: Impact of Juvenile Justice Reforms on the Recycling of Juvenile Offenders
Corporate Author: Texas Criminal Justice Policy Council
United States of America
Date Published: October 2001
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Texas Criminal Justice Policy Council
Austin, TX 78711
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Texas Criminal Justice Policy Council
P.O. Box 13332, Capitol Station
Austin, TX 78711
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study attempted to evaluate the impact of the 1995 juvenile justice system reforms initiated in Texas on the recycling of juvenile offenders back through either the juvenile justice system or the adult system.
Abstract: In 1995, the State of Texas approved and initiated the most significant juvenile justice system reforms in decades. The reforms effective in 1996 were intended to toughen penalties for juvenile offenders and increase funding for prevention, probation, and correction policies. The goal was to increase accountability from juvenile offenders during their initial contact with the juvenile justice system, as well as offer more services and supervision to enforce accountability. By enforcing accountability, thereby sending a clear message that delinquent behavior would no longer be tolerated, it was hoped that subsequent contact by juvenile offenders with the juvenile system would be significantly reduced. This report is the first to evaluate the impact of the 1995 reforms on the recycling of juvenile offenders back through the justice system. The study evaluated pre-1995 reform and post-1995 reform which was in effect by 1997. The study examined juvenile dispositions in 20 Texas counties which represented almost 50 percent of statewide dispositions. The juvenile tracking group included juveniles with a probation or informal disposition. They were tracked for a 2 year period. The characteristics of juvenile offenders changed between 1994 and 1997 with an increase in juveniles with less severe offenses and an increase in juveniles placed under supervision for mainly less severe offenses. The post-reform recycling rates decreased overall with a decrease in overall subsequent contact particularly for juveniles under informal supervision, a decrease in subsequent contact for new offenses, a decrease in subsequent contact for violent offenses particularly for juveniles under formal supervision, and a decrease in subsequent contact in the adult system.
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice reform
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile diversion programs; Juvenile justice policies; Juvenile justice system; Juvenile sentencing; Juvenile statistics; State juvenile justice systems; Texas
Note: Downloaded on December 30, 2003.
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