skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 203629 Find in a Library
Title: Homeland Security: Preliminary Observations on Efforts to Target Security Inspections of Cargo Containers
Author(s): Richard M. Stana
Corporate Author: US Government Accountability Office
United States of America
Date Published: December 16, 2003
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Government Accountability Office
Washington, DC 20013
US Government Accountability Office
Washington, DC 20548
Publication Number: GAO-04-325T
Sale Source: US Government Accountability Office
P.O. Box 37050
Washington, DC 20013
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based upon the U.S. General Accounting Office's (GAO) ongoing assessment of the Department of Homeland Security's U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), this report presents preliminary findings on whether CBP's development of its targeting strategy is consistent with recognized risk-management and computer-modeling practices and also how well the targeting strategy has been implemented at selected seaports around the country.
Abstract: The preliminary findings are based on extensive data collection and analysis at CBP, consultations with experts in terrorism and risk management, visits to six seaports, and related interviews with Federal and local government and private-sector officials responsible for port security and operations. The study found that CBP has acted to address the terrorism risks posed by oceangoing cargo containers by establishing a National Targeting Center, refining its automated targeting system, instituting a national training program for its personnel who conduct targeting, and promulgating regulations designed to improve the quality and timeliness of data on cargo containers. Although CBP's strategy incorporates some elements of risk management, it does not include other key elements, such as a comprehensive set of criticality, vulnerability, and risk assessments that experts have indicated are necessary to determine risk and the types of response necessary to mitigate that risk. Also, CBP's targeting system does not include a number of recognized modeling practices, such as subjecting the system to peer review, testing, and validation. By incorporating the missing elements of a risk management framework and following certain recognized modeling practices, CBP will be better prepared to counter terrorist attempts to smuggle weapons of mass destruction into the United States. Appended description of scope and methodology
Main Term(s): Domestic Preparedness
Index Term(s): Cargo security; Counter-terrorism tactics; Port and vessel security; Risk management; Security management; Security surveys
Note: Testimony before the U.S. House Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, Committee on Energy and Commerce; downloaded January 4, 2004.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.