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NCJ Number: 203689 Find in a Library
Title: Food for Thought: Substance Abuse and Eating Disorders
Corporate Author: National Ctr on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University (CASA)
United States of America
Date Published: December 2003
Page Count: 83
Sponsoring Agency: Commonwealth Fund
New York, NY 10021
National Ctr on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University (CASA)
New York, NY 10017-6706
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Sale Source: National Ctr on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University (CASA)
633 Third Avenue
New York, NY 10017-6706
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This extensive analysis of the current state of knowledge on the link between eating disorders and substance abuse is based on the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse's (CASA's) review of national datasets and nearly 500 articles, books, and reports from the most current scientific literature available.
Abstract: The analysis found that up to 50 percent of individuals with an eating disorder abuse alcohol or illicit drugs, compared to approximately 9 percent in the general population. Up to 35 percent of alcohol or illicit drug abusers have an eating disorder, compared to up to 3 percent in the general population. Many individuals who engage in unhealthy weight-control behaviors or have full-blown eating disorders use or abuse substances such as caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, cocaine, heroin, and over-the-counter medications such as appetite suppressants, diuretics, laxatives, and emetics. The adverse effects of eating disorders are often severe, ranging from hair loss, tooth decay, and osteoporosis to heart failure and a destabilization of virtually all body systems; severe cases may be fatal. To help prevent eating disorders and substance abuse in their children, parents should model and promote healthy, positive, and reasonable messages about eating and exercise, as well as consistent messages about the dangers of substance use. Schools should give high priority to educating parents, teachers, administrators, and coaches to recognize the relationship of eating disorders and substance abuse and intervene quickly and effectively. The public health community should educate patients and the public about nutrition and the negative health effects of eating disorders and substance abuse. Suggestions are also offered for positive action by the advertising, marketing, and entertainment industries; policymakers; and researchers. Chapter tables and notes and 343 references
Main Term(s): Drug effects
Index Term(s): Drug information; Eating disorders; Medical and dental services
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