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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 203934 Find in a Library
Title: Detection and Prevalence of Substance Use Among Juvenile Detainees
Author(s): Gary M. McClelland; Linda A. Teplin; Karen M. Abram
Date Published: April 2004
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 1999-JE-FX-1001;R01MH54197;R01MH59469
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: HTML|PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This document discusses a study aimed at determining the prevalence of substance abuse among juvenile detainees.
Abstract: The Northwestern Juvenile Project was a study of 1,829 juveniles sampled from intake at the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center in Chicago (Illinois). Researchers gathered extensive self-report data on substance use and collected urine samples for drug analysis. The goal was to provide practical guidance for juvenile justice policymakers and administrators planning drug detection and treatment programs. The first section presents background information on the effects of substance use and abuse on adolescent development, demonstrating the significant role of this factor in delinquency. The second section reviews literature on the measurement of illicit substance use in detained and securely confined juvenile populations and assesses the state of the science. The third section presents empirical findings from the Northwestern Juvenile Project on the relative merits of self-report and urinalysis measures and on the prevalence of illicit substance use among detained juveniles by age, gender, race/ethnicity, and type of substance. The most important finding was the general confirmation of high rates of drug use among youth entering detention. Among youth that have made the transition to using drugs more serious than marijuana, neither self-reporting nor urinalysis provides a good measure of use. The final section discusses the implications of these findings. It is concluded that presently there is no single reliable method for detecting substance use and abuse among juvenile detainees. The best approach to reliable assessment uses a combination of existing methods, together with information from a range of other sources that indicate a youth’s involvement with drugs. 9 endnotes, 4 tables, 80 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use; Juvenile inmates
Index Term(s): Drug statistics; Drug testing; Drug use; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquents; Juvenile offenders
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